Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Adnan Menderes University, Aydın, Turkey
And University of Nevada, Reno, USA


Thermodynamics is a basic science that has long been an essential part of engineering curricula all over the world. The principles of thermodynamics are based on our everyday experiences and observations, and an observant mind should have no difficulty understanding it. Yet thermodynamics is often perceived as a abstract subject, and many students are intimidated by the experience as they have difficulty relating it to real world, and leave the course with a superficial understanding of the subject. 

The thermodynamic experience of students can be turned into a positive, fruitful and even an enjoyable one ensuring student engagement with real life experiences. This is best done by showing the real-world relevance of thermodynamics using examples that students can readily identity with. When done properly, classroom discussions can boost the interest and motivation of the students for the course, and set the stage for semester-long lively discussions and stimulating intellectual feasts. 
The effectiveness of teaching thermodynamics can be increased and the thermodynamics experience of students can be made a pleasant one by always emphasizing the underlying physical principles in real-world settings. Examining the economic, environmental, and safety aspects of solutions, showing the relevance of basic concepts and principles in daily life, bringing relevant news stories to class for discussion, and sharing personal and professional experiences with students boosts interest in the topic.

In this address, an overview of the fundamentals of thermodynamics is presented in a nutshell, and several intriguing examples that instructors can adopt for use in their lectures as motivational tools and confidence builders are given. The approach presented results in a significant rise in students’ developing an intuitive understanding of thermodynamic principles, and in using thermodynamics in later years with confidence.

Biographical Sketch

Yunus Çengel is a faculty member in the Mechanical Engineering Department and the founding dean of the Faculty of Engineering at Adnan Menderes University in Aydin, Turkey, and Professor Emeritus at the University of Nevada, Reno, USA. He received his Ph. D. in Mechanical Engineering from North Carolina State University in USA. Before joining ADU in 2012, he served as the Dean of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering at Yildiz Technical University YTU and as Advisor to President at Scientific and Technological Research Council TUBITAK. Prior to returning Turkey, he served as a faculty member at the University of Nevada, Reno UNR for 18 years and as the director of the Industrial Assessment Center at UNR for several years. He also served as the advisor to several government organizations and private companies on energy efficiency, energy policies, and education reform.

Professor Çengel is the author or coauthor of the widely adopted textbooks Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, Fundamentals of Thermal-Fluid Sciences, Heat and Mass Transfer: Fundamentals and Applications, Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals and Applications, Introduction to Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer, and Differential Equations for Scientists and Engineers all published by McGraw-Hill. Some of his textbooks have been translated into Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai, Spanish, Portuguese, Turkish, Italian, Greek, and French. 

He is the recipient of several outstanding teacher awards, and he has received the ASEE Meriam/Wiley Distinguished Author Award twice. He is a registered Professional Engineer in the State of Nevada, USA.



Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Vice President for Strategy, International Association for Hydrogen Energy
Vice President, World Society of Sustainable Energy Technologies


Abstract Increasing local and global economic, environmental and political concerns caused by energy resources and their utilization has been main motivation for many individuals and institutions to develop potential energy solutions. Such solutions require a careful dwelling on various dimensions of energy to cover the entire spectrum of energy, ranging from energy production to energy utilization (management). Efforts are necessary for three categories of energy under 3S (Source-System-Service). The sources may include fossil fuels, which require cleaner solutions being implemented accordingly, and renewable energy sources. The presentation will address these through introducing potential energy solutions and highlighting their importance through case studies and projects. It will also discuss some other significant aspects, e.g., global warming, climate change, smart energy, energy-utilization patterns, policy and strategy development, energetic and environmental measures, technology developments, infrastructure, alternatives, life cycle assessment, etc. Furthermore, there will be a focus on efficiency assessment and improvement in resource management and better practices in energy industry under potential energy solutions.


Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Director, ICARE and CAPRYSSES Excellency Center, CNRS & University of Orléans, France

Abstract The seminar will summarise an approach (under development) to enrich low carbon energy transition analyses and models and aiming to be predictive rather than only developing ex-post analyses. The approach capitalizes on couplings between engineering sciences in the energy area and energy models developed mostly by social sciences and economics. The ambition will be presented by decomposing it into three challenges: 
I Developing a modeling framework for energy systems under permanent transition 
* What are their structure and dynamics and what differentiate them from other large scale socio-technical systems such as transport or telecommunications? 
* What are the characteristics of transition situations in general and of energy transitions in particular? 
II Analyzing the regimes of disciplinary interactions in energy systems studies and developing an “on model” interdisciplinary interaction platform 
* How to deal with the challenge of analyzing/modelling/predicting strong interactions (between various social worlds, f/actors, knowledge bodies…) in transition situations in general, and in energy transitions, in particular? 
III Developing a framework to analyse/promote/accompany energy transitions in the making in developed and devoloping countries 
* How to develop a practice-based action-research based framework and testing its validity using diachronic and synchronic comparisons 
Biographical Sketch
Iskender GÖKALP, born in 1951, is Research Director at the CNRS Since 2007, he is the founder and director of the CNRS Institute on Combustion, Aerothermal Sciences, Reactivity and Environment-ICARE in Orléans. Since 2012 he is also the Founder and Director of the French Centre for Excellence CAPRYSSES: Cinétique Chimique et Aérothermodynamique pour des Propulsions et des Systèmes Energétiques Propres et Sûrs (Chemical Kinetics and Aerothermodynamics of Clean and Safe Energy and Propulsion Systems).



President of GTEI German-Turkish Energy and Environment Institute

Abstract As the rapidly growing demand of energy and water increases with rampant increase in population worldwide, it is never too late to act collectively towards making the paradigm shift in seeking clean, reliable, secure, economical and most efficient forms of renewable energy from the nature. This paper introduces the concept of sustainable energy and its ability to meet the demands with the brief insight into its three major dimensions. It also sheds light onto the global energy demand, sustainable energy sources, its needs, energy efficiency, security and almost negligible opportunity cost involved. The introduction to renewable energy and the importance of sustainability in renewable energy technologies is shown in this paper. With a short overview of the renewable energy market, potential solutions to the intermittency problem of renewable energy technologies, its barriers and environmental aspects are addressed. A new kind of PTC application on the roof of parking place in a hotel, Turkey is also discussed.
Activities and Awards
•    Global 200 Eco-Tech award in Nagoya/Japan for the development of a solar cooling concept
•    European Solar Prize from the Eurosolar, the European Association for Renewable Energies
•    World of Wonders Innovation Prize, 2005
•    Sustainability Award for sustainable solution 
•    R.I.O. Innovation Prize 
•    TIME Magazine‘s Global Heroes of the Environment, 2007
•    Energy Globe Award Category “Fire”
•    Kyocera Environment Prize, 2008
•    Industry Award for Best industrial solutions, 2010
•    Award For carrying Turkish national honor to the international extension, Forum Istanbul, 2013


Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Department of Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada


Abstract Greenhouse operation with a heat pump system has a great potential for enormous energy and water savings, as well as cooling and dehumidification. Confined greenhouse operation with a heat pump system makes it easier to control the humidity and keep high CO2 levels, while reducing the risk of insects and diseases within the confined greenhouse environment. A heat pump system performs very well with a variable shading system significantly conserving both energy and water. A combination of open and confined systems, also known as a semi-closed system, is generally the most energy and water conserving system, operating the system as a confined system in cold environments/seasons, semi-closed system in milder environments/seasons, and as an open system in hot environments/seasons. In hot environments or seasons, the greenhouse needs to be operated as an open system introducing ventilation into the greenhouse, hence allowing outside air to remove excess moisture within the greenhouse and reducing the cooling load over the heat pump. Commercial feasibility of heat pump systems depends on the initial investment for the heat pump unit; however, preliminary estimates show that combination systems can easily payback the initial investment for the heat pump system in a couple years.
Biographical Sketch
Dr. İlhami Yıldız is an engineering professor at Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia, Canada. He is a controlled environment systems engineer, and has expertise in energy, environment and sustainability issues such as bioreactors, environmental biotechnology, biofuels and bioproducts production using waste streams, complex systems modeling, greenhouse engineering, heat pumps, combined heat and power generation, flue gas recovery and greenhouse gas mitigation, hydronic heating and hot water storage systems, and energy and water conservation. He has designed and built a number of environment friendly commercial energy systems transferring extensive research findings to commercial operations. He has been honored with the Grand Challenge Award by the U.S. Government (2008); Outstanding Faculty Award at Cal Poly (2008); Presidential Letter of Appreciation at Cal Poly (2008); and Gold Medal Performance Award by the University of Windsor (2004). Overview: Professor – Engineering, Dalhousie University; Associate Professor - BioResource & Agricultural Engineering, Cal Poly - San Luis Obispo, California; Assistant Professor - Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Windsor; Ph.D. in Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering (Ohio State); M.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering (Ohio State); M.Sc. in Agricultural Meteorology (Ohio State); B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Agricultural Engineering (University of Ankara).